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Graphite: China’s trump card against the USA and EU

China, with its strategic cunning, has played a bold move on the complex geopolitical chessboard, using graphite as a key pawn. This decision, although not entirely unexpected, has revealed a shortfall in the planning of the USA and the European Union. Highlighting their vulnerability in the battery and electric vehicle sector.

In recent years, while the USA and EU have focused on securing resources for battery cathodes, they have overlooked a crucial element: the anodes. Graphite, although representing a small fraction of the overall costs of lithium batteries, is essential for their operation, constituting a significant part of the total weight of the battery. And China, with its forward-looking vision, has seized this opportunity.

China’s dominance in the market is not a recent phenomenon. While graphite extraction projects outside of China have struggled to attract investment, China has strengthened its presence, particularly in the synthetic graphite segment. This strategic move not only underscores the West’s dependence on Chinese graphite but also calls into question the feasibility of environmental objectives set by entities such as the United States Environmental Protection Agency.

Graphite as a geopolitical lever?

China’s recent decision to impose restrictions on graphite exports could have repercussions far beyond immediate price fluctuations. It could serve as a wake-up call for the USA and EU, prompting them to reconsider their supply strategies and invest in graphite extraction projects outside of China. This move could also accelerate efforts to diversify supply sources and reduce dependence on a single country.

Furthermore, the Chinese announcement could stimulate renewed interest in investing in the graphite sector globally. With the approach of the new regulations, we are likely to see an increase in demand for Chinese graphite exports from countries such as South Korea, Japan, the United States, and Europe. This could lead to increased competition and, potentially, a rise in prices.

But, beyond the immediate economic implications, China’s move underscores the importance of strategic planning and forecasting in an increasingly interconnected world. Graphite, a material that many might consider insignificant, has proven to be a key element in the complex web of geopolitical relations.

In summary, China’s decision to use this material as a geopolitical lever has revealed a gap in the strategy of the USA and EU. While the future of the graphite market remains uncertain, one thing is clear: in a world where resources are increasingly scarce and competition ever more intense, forecasting, planning, and diversification are essential. China has made its move; now it’s up to the USA and EU to respond.


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